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Allied Health (AL)

AL 101  Foundations of Healthcare  (3)  

An overview of the role of various health care professions, ethical and legal responsibilities, patient communication methods, cultural competence, patient assessment techniques, medical terminology, electronic health records and preventative health care. Through role playing and case studies, students learn how the various members of the health care team interact and communicate with one another in order to provide the most efficient and effective delivery of patient care. Additional technical competencies included in this course are: assessment of vital signs, safe body mechanics, patient transfers and safety, basic first aid, standard and transmission-based infection precautions.

AL 120  Radiographic Procedures & Patient Care I  (3)  

Focuses on the principles of producing and evaluating radiographs of the skeletal and urinary systems. Discusses patient care procedures such as vital signs, infection control, medical emergencies and aseptic techniques. Prerequisite: Admission to the Radiologic Technology program and concurrent with AL 120A.

AL 120A  Procedures Lab I  (0)  

Required laboratory demonstrations will include chest, KUB, upper extremity, lower extremity, spine, and contrast studies. A one hour weekly session is held on campus. Concurrent with AL 120.

AL 121  Radiographic Procedures & Patient Care II  (3)  

Explores those procedures employed in the more complicated investigation of the human body. Continues to examine present techniques necessary for the assessment and care of the ill and injured patient. Prerequisites: AL 120, AL 130, AL 134, and concurrent with AL 121A.

AL 121A  Procedures Lab II  (0)  

Required laboratory demonstrations include spine, contrast studies, cranium, bony thorax, and miscellaneous positions. A one hour session is held each week. Concurrent with AL 121.

AL 130  Radiographic Exposure I  (3)  

Principles of radiographic image formation related to digital imaging. Physics of x-ray production and influences on image creation. The course provides an understanding and analysis of the radiographic image. Prerequisite: Admission to the Radiologic Technology program and concurrent with AL 130A.

AL 130A  Exposure Lab I  (0)  

Demonstrations will be directed towards the primary factors of radiograph (image) production. An energized x-ray unit will be available for the one hour weekly session. Concurrent with AL 130.

AL 131  Radiographic Exposure II  (3)  

A continuation of AL 130 emphasizing imaging principles. Problem solving through mathematical application. Techniques of quality control. An additional fee is associated with this course. Prerequisites: AL 120, AL 130, AL 134, and concurrent with AL 131A or consent.

AL 131A  Exposure Lab II  (0)  

Demonstrations will involve the imaging systems, computation of radiation dosages, and quality control techniques. The one hour weekly session will utilize an energized x-ray unit. Concurrent with AL 131.

AL 134  Radiology Clinical I  (3)  

This course requires a specific number of hours of limited radiographic assistance in a healthcare setting. Students will achieve competency in simple procedures under direct supervision. Prerequisite: Admission to the Radiologic Technology program.

AL 135  Radiology Clinical II  (3)  

This course requires a specific number of hours of limited radiographic assistance in a healthcare setting. This course builds on competencies achieved in AL 134. Students will achieve competency in more complex procedures with direct and/or indirect supervision. Prerequisite: AL 134 or consent.

AL 141  Medical Terminology  (3)  

This course covers word elements that form the base on which the medical language is constructed, including commonly used abbreviations. Emphasis on competency in spelling, pronunciation, correct usage and meaning of terminology related to all body systems, medical science and medical specialties.

AL 150  Principles of Health Information Technology  (3)  

This course covers the organization, analysis, and evaluation of health records, methods of storage, retrieval and preservation, an introduction to computer and information systems in health care, and an overview of health information department management. Prerequisites: AL 101, Admission to HIT Program.

AL 157  Specialized Records & Registries for Health Information Technology  (2)  

This course explores health information requirements in non-hospital settings including long-term and ambulatory care, & functions and procedures for specialized health information registries. Prerequisite: AL 150, AL 366 or concurrent.

AL 161  Foundations of Occupational Therapy  (2)  

This course is an introduction to the history and philosophical base of occupational therapy. Areas of instruction include: models of practice; frames of reference; the role of the Occupational Therapist/Occupational Therapy Assistant; Code of Ethics; Core Values; Standards of Practice and the Delivery of Occupational Therapy Services. Prerequisite: Formal Admission to the Occupational Therapy Assistant Program.

AL 162  Occupational Therapy Interventions I  (3)  

This lecture and lab course will discuss the dynamics of the occupation to include the activity, performance skills, and performance patterns from conception to age 18. The student will exhibit the ability to analyze tasks and implement an intervention plan for the occupational therapy client. Prerequisite: AL 161.

AL 163  Foundations of Occupational Therapy II  (3)  

This lecture/lab course is a continuation of AL 161 and will allow the student to develop the ability to select and implement occupational therapy interventions related to the activities of daily living. Prerequisite: AL 161 and concurrent with AL 164.

AL 164  Level I Occupational Therapy Fieldwork  (1)  

This course requires a specific number of hours of limited occupational therapy assistant exposure in the healthcare setting. Prerequisite: AL 161 and Concurrent with AL 163.

AL 165  Occupational Therapy Assistants - Psychosocial Disorders  (1)  

This course will provide the student with the knowledge and understanding of the concepts of psychiatric disorders and human behavior as it relates to the role of occupational therapy services. This course will focus on psychosocial mental health disorders with dementia, physical injury, trauma, or neurological dysfunction. Prerequisite: AL 164.

AL 166  Occupational Therapy Interventions II  (3)  

This lecture lab course is a continuation of AL 162 and will discuss the dynamics of the occupation to include the activity, performance skills, and performance from early adulthood to later maturity. Prerequisite: AL 162.

AL 167  Foundations of Occupational Therapy III  (3)  

This course is a continuation of AL 163 and will allow the student to develop the ability to administer selected assessments, screening, evaluation tools, and skilled observations and to develop skills that relate to analysis of movement, orthotic devices, superficial thermal and mechanical modalities. Prerequisite: AL 163.

AL 170  Physical Therapy Procedures  (3)  

This class features the development of early Physical Therapy skills and the understanding of basic procedures. Specific emphasis is placed on range of motion, measurement of range of motion, therapeutic exercise basics, aseptic and isolation techniques, proper bed positioning, massage, transfers, wheelchair management, architectural barriers, locomotion training, documentation, vital signs and safety. All skills are reinforced and practiced in supervised scheduled laboratories and open lab sessions. Prerequisite: Admission to PTA Program.

AL 171  Musculoskeletal Assessment in Physical Therapy  (3)  

This course follows AL 170 PT Procedures in the curriculum sequence and is designed to provide the Physical Therapist Assistant student with a foundation for musculoskeletal assessment and treatment. Emphasis is on orthopedic physical therapy assessment, including manual muscle testing, cranial nerve testing, dermatomal and myotomal assessment, special tests, joint mobilization theory, therapeutic exercise, motor control theory, clinical decision making according to the Physical Therapist Plan of Care, identification of red flags, specific orthopedic protocols and implementation of specific physical therapy programs for various rehab clients. Prerequisite: AL 170 and concurrent enrollment in AL 261

AL 185  Principles of Respiratory Therapy I  (2)  

Specific modes of respiratory care are examined to understand principles of application to patients, indications, hazards, contraindications, and evaluation of therapy. Emphasis is placed on detailed knowledge of equipment used in these modes. Modes of care include medical gas therapy, humidity and aerosol therapy, lung expansion techniques and basic diagnostic studies. An additional fee is associated with this course. Prerequisite: Consent and concurrent with AL 185L.

AL 185L  Principles of Respiratory Therapy Lab  (0)  

Explores the procedures for specific respiratory therapies. Students will practice skills and complete required competencies. Concurrent with AL 185.

AL 186  Cardiopulmonary Assessment  (2)  

This course is for Allied Health students and is designed to provide the student with an understanding of the cardiopulmonary systems. Areas of study will include a review and assessment of the anatomy and physiology of the pulmonary, cardiac, and renal systems. Prerequisites: OTA-AL 167; RT-AL 185; PTA-concurrent with AL 265 and AL 272 or consent.

AL 187  Respiratory Therapy Clinical I  (3)  

An introduction to basic respiratory therapy procedures. Orientation to clinical practice, charting of records, infection control, emergency procedures, therapeutic procedures and diagnostic procedures are emphasized. The student will be introduced to routine respiratory care and equipment. Prerequisite: AL 185.

AL 220  Radiographic Procedures III  (2)  

Presents cross-sectional anatomy as a background for radiographic related imaging modalities. Develops an awareness of related areas including venipuncture, computed tomography, sonography, nuclear medicine, radiation therapy, magnetic resonance, mammography, and interventional procedures. The investigation of alternative methods of radiography of the atypical patient is included. Prerequisite: AL 121 or consent.

AL 230  Radiologic Equipment Operation  (2)  

Focuses on radiography physics, electromagnetic radiation, and x-ray production. Emphasizes electrical concepts including electrodynamics, circuitry, electromagnetism, rectification and the application of these principles to radiography. A working knowledge of basic algebraic equations is required. Prerequisite: AL 131 or consent.

AL 231  Radiation Protection & Biological Effects  (2)  

Provides the knowledge and serves to develop the attitude necessary to intelligently protect the patient, themselves, and others from the potentially harmful effects of radiation. Includes an in-depth discussion of biological effects, cell and organism sensitivity, and somatic and genetic effects of ionizing radiation. Prerequisite: AL 121 or AL 131 or consent.

AL 236  Radiology Clinical III  (3)  

This course requires a specific number of hours of direct radiographic assistance in a healthcare setting. Students will demonstrate competence in a variety of procedures with indirect supervision. Prerequisite: AL 121, AL 131, AL 135, or consent.

AL 237  Radiology Clinical IV  (4)  

This course requires a specific number of hours of direct radiographic assistance in a healthcare setting. Students demonstrate competence in special procedures utilizing positioning techniques covered in AL 220 with direct supervision. Rotations through specialized areas of radiology will begin. Prerequisite: AL 236 and concurrent with AL 220 or consent.

AL 238  Radiology Clinical V  (4)  

Additional experience and expertise in routine and non-routine examinations is gained. Rotations through the specialized areas of radiology will continue. Students are under indirect supervision. Prerequisites: AL 237 and AL 220 or consent.

AL 240  Professional Practice I for Health Information Technology  (2)  

This course includes simulated projects completed independently, and supervised clinical experience in the technical aspects of health records in approved health care facilities and agencies. Prerequisites: Admission to Health Information Technology Program, AL 150 or concurrent enrollment.

AL 241  Professional Practice II for Health Information Technology  (3)  

Continuation of AL 240. Prerequisite: AL 240.

AL 243  Coding Professional Practice for Health Information Technology  (2)  

Simulated projects performed independently, and supervised clinical including inpatient and outpatient coding in approved health care facilities and agencies. Prerequisites: AL 245, AL 246, or concurrent.

AL 244  Healthcare Statistics - Health Information Technology  (2)  

This course covers the collection, computation, analysis, presentation and use of healthcare statistical data. Prerequisite: AL 150.

AL 245  Health Information Coding I  (3)  

This course covers coding principles for diseases and operations using the International Classification of Diseases. Focus is on the identification, coding & sequencing of inpatient medical diagnosis and procedures. Prerequisites: BI 230, BI 250, AL 320 or concurrent.

AL 246  Health Information Coding II  (3)  

This course covers coding principles for outpatient services using the International Classification of Diseases and Current Procedure Terminology manuals. Focus is on the identification, coding & sequencing of outpatient diagnosis & procedures. Prerequisite: AL 245.

AL 247  Healthcare Reimbursement Methods  (3)  

This course covers healthcare reimbursement methodologies and advanced coding skills for inpatient and outpatient settings. Prerequisite: AL 250, AL 246 or concurrent.

AL 250  Seminar in Health Information Technology  (1)  

This course includes an analysis of major trends and issues affecting health information, review of the fundamental principles of health information technology & successful completion of a simulated certification examination. Concurrent with AL 241.

AL 252  Psychosocial Occupational Therapy  (3)  

This lecture lab course discusses the role of occupational therapy concerning therapeutic use of self, including one’s personality, insights, perceptions and judgments as part of the therapeutic process in individual and group interactions. Prerequisite: AL 165.

AL 253  Level I Occupational Therapy Fieldwork II  (1)  

This course requires a specific number of hours in the health care setting to allow the student to employ logical thinking, critical analysis, problem solving and creativity as it relates to the occupational therapy clinical setting. Prerequisites: AL 164, AL 167.

AL 254  Current Topics Occupational Therapy  (2)  

This course will allow the student to obtain the knowledge and understanding of the systems and structures that create federal and state legislation and regulation for occupational therapy. Topics include reimbursement, national, international and state regulations for licensure, certification and/or registration for occupational therapy. Prerequisite: AL 167.

AL 255  Level II Occupational Therapy Fieldwork  (8)  

This fieldwork placement consists of two, full time, eight week rotations and provides the student with the opportunity to develop into competent, entry-level occupational therapy assistants. The student will be exposed to a variety of clients across the life span and a variety of settings. Prerequisite: Satisfactory completion of all previous coursework.

AL 257  Applied Neurophysiology - Occupational Therapy  (3)  

This course is designed to provide the Occupational Therapy Assistant with a foundation in applied neurophysiology concepts. This includes, but is not limited to, specific assessment and treatment techniques for patients in special populations, such as spinal cord injury, pediatrics, amputees, traumatic head injury, cerebrovascular accidents, as well as other neurological or cardiovascular disorders. Prerequisite: AL 167 and BI 230.

AL 260  Independent Study  (1-3)  

Allied Health majors may pursue an independent research project if approved by the Program Director in consultation with the Department Chair. Independent Study may not be used in place of any courses required in the major. Independent Study courses must meet equivalencies to Federal definition of a credit hour. Prerequisites: Consent

AL 261  Therapeutic Modalities in Physical Therapy  (3)  

This course follows AL 170 Physical Therapy Procedures in the curriculum sequence and is designed to provide the student with a foundation for the use of therapeutic modalities. This course includes instruction on the various modalities of heat, cold, electrical stimulation, hydrotherapy, diathermy, ultrasound, traction, ultraviolet/infrared light and other physical agent modalities and treatments. Prerequisites: AL 170 and concurrent enrollment in AL 171.

AL 264  Physical Therapy Clinical I and Lab  (3)  

This course involves observation and supervised hands-on treatment of various types of patients in different clinical settings with the practicum of skills learned in AL 170 Procedures and AL 171 Musculoskeletal Assessment in Physical Therapy, and AL 261 Therapeutic Modalities in Physical Therapy. This course will include an on-going communication between the clinical instructor (CI), the student and the academic coordinator. The student is given the opportunity to work with a variety of patients and to begin developing competence as a medical team member. The student also attends 6 clinical labs prior to the start of the clinical rotation to further develop his/her skills with patients and department procedures. Prerequisites: AL 261 and AL 171.

AL 265  Applied Neurophysiology - Physical Therapist Assistant  (3)  

This lecture/lab course is designed to provide the Physical Therapist Assistant with a foundation in applied neurophysiology concepts and common neurologic disease processes, physical therapy assessment and intervention techniques. This includes, but is not limited to, specific assessment and treatment techniques for patients in special populations, such as spinal cord injury, pediatrics, traumatic head injury, cerebrovascular accidents, as well as other neurological or cardiovascular disorders. Prerequisite: AL 264, AL 268, AL 271 and concurrent enrollment in AL 272 and AL 186.

AL 268  Integumentary Assessment in Physical Therapy  (2)  

Therapy management of various wounds and integumentary disorders. Specific emphasis will be placed on proper identification/staging of wounds, assessment and measurement, treatment protocols including selection of proper debridement techniques and dressings, along with other topics regarding integumentary assessment and wound care. Prerequisite: AL 261 and AL 171.

AL 271  Health Policy & Systems in Physical Therapy  (2)  

This course emphasizes professional aspects of the Physical Therapist Assistant. Included in that realm are topics such as professional behavior with colleagues and patients, health care history, policy, and systems, reimbursement guidelines, legislative issues, continuing education and plan for professional advancement, code of ethics, cultural sensitivity and competence, current developments in Physical Therapy, professional relationships, research, evidence based practice, employment, etc. This course is designed to broaden the student’s understanding of professional responsibility and motivate them towards personal improvement, commitment and continuing competence in the Physical Therapy profession. Prerequisite: AL 261, AL 171, and concurrent enrollment in AL 264 and AL 268.

AL 272  Current Rehabilitation Techniques in Physical Therapy  (2)  

This course emphasizes the characteristics, clinical problems, and physical therapy treatment of various rehabilitation patients, including the physical, psychological, sexual and vocational problems encountered. Specialized areas of Physical Therapy such as Aquatics, Geriatrics, Oncology, Women’s Health Issues, Prosthetics/Orthotics, Sports Physical Therapy and Pediatrics are included in this course. Prerequisite: Satisfactory completion of all previous coursework. AL 264, AL 268, AL 271 and concurrent enrollment in AL 279.

AL 273  Physical Therapy Issues  (1)  

In consultation with a faculty member, the student is assigned for intensive study a specific area of concern related to physical therapy. This may include intensive reading and the preparation of patient and/or practitioner educational materials related to the subject. This will give the student an opportunity to develop an area or topic of expertise by exploring various avenues of information and compiling those into one document. During this course the student will also be reviewing for the Program Comprehensive Final to be given during the second or third week of the spring semester. Prerequisites: AL 265, AL 272. AL 186, AL 265, AL 272 and concurrent enrollment in AL 279.

AL 279  Physical Therapy Clinical II & III  (6)  

This course is clinical in nature and consists of two six-week full-time rotation following the completion of all didactic course work. The student will be involved in practicing all Physical Therapist Assistant skills in an assigned healthcare facility. The course will entail either on-site or phone/skype communication between the clinical instructor, the student and the academic coordinator (at least once during each rotation). The student is given the opportunity to practice advanced applications with direct supervision on a variety of patients and to develop competence as a full-time member of the medical team. Prerequisites: AL 265, AL 272, AL 186, and concurrent enrollment in AL 273.

AL 289  Respiratory Therapy Clinical II  (5)  

Students are assigned to various clinical settings designed to allow the student to complete procedural evaluations in basic respiratory care. The student will also be introduced to critical care medicine. Prerequisite: AL 187.

AL 290  Special Topics/Allied Health  (1-3)  

Selected topics related to one of the Allied Health programs, which vary from semester to semester. Announced in advance. Prerequisite: Specified on each topic.

AL 291  Respiratory Therapy Principles and Procedures I  (3)  

Lectures and laboratory topics on cardiopulmonary resuscitation, airway care and management, emergency care, mechanical ventilation and care of the critically ill patient. Prerequisite: AL 289.

AL 292  Respiratory Therapy Principles and Procedures II  (5)  

Lectures, simulation and group discussion of diagnostic procedures used by the pulmonary physician in evaluating patients with respiratory disease. Special emphasis will be placed on etiology, pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, and treatment of obstructed and restricted pulmonary diseases. Prerequisite: Consent.

AL 293  Respiratory Therapy Clinical III  (5)  

An in-depth exploration of critical care medicine. The student will execute procedures relating to care of the patient being mechanically ventilated. The student will also be given clinical experience in EKG’s and pulmonary function studies. The student will also be introduced to neonatal critical care medicine. An additional fee is associated with this course. Prerequisite: AL 289.

AL 294  Respiratory Therapy Clinical Topics II  (3)  

An introduction to medical microbiology. Special emphasis on pathogens related to the cardiopulmonary systems. Students will also be exposed to new, current and advanced clinical respiratory therapy topics. Prerequisite: AL 292.

AL 295  Respiratory Therapy Clinical IV  (5)  

Clinical rotations in pulmonary rehabilitation/home care, advanced ventilation techniques, hemodynamic monitoring, and specialty rotations that the student is concerned with related to respiratory therapy. Students will also receive clinical experience in pediatrics and neonatology. Prerequisite: AL 293.

AL 296  Respiratory Therapy Clinical Topics III  (3)  

Instruction in fields of obstetrics, neonatology and pediatrics as related to respiratory care. Includes sections on medical ethics. Prerequisite: AL 382.

AL 300  Introduction to Diagnostic Medical Sonography  (3)  

An introduction to the Diagnostic Medical Sonography profession. Topics include discussion of sonographic terminology, basic theories of equipment operation, body imaging, seminars in patient care, professionalism, and information concerning clinical education. Prerequisite: Admission to Diagnostic Medical Sonography Program or consent.

AL 301  Clinical Radiation Therapy I  (4)  

In this course the student therapist will participate in the daily activities of the radiation oncology department while under direct supervision at affiliated clinical education sites. The student therapist will work to develop skills to achieve competency and learn to interact professionally and ethically with staff and patients.

AL 302  Radiation Therapy Principles I  (3)  

This course is designed to provide a basic overview of radiation therapy treatment planning and delivery concepts as well as foundational knowledge related to patient assessment, pharmacology, ethics, and law.

AL 303  Radiation Therapy Physics I  (3)  

This course is designed to establish knowledge of basic physics concepts relevant to fundamental physical units, principles, atomic structure, types of radiation, x-ray production, interactions with matter, measurement devices, and x-ray generating equipment.

AL 304  Therapeutic Radiobiology  (3)  

This course is designed to explore the biological, chemical, and physical effects of radiation on cells, tissues, and the body as a whole.

AL 305  Radiation Therapy Physics II  (3)  

This course is designed to examine factors that influence and govern the optimal planning of external beam radiation therapy and brachytherapy. Topics include isodose distributions, compensating factors, methods of dosimetric calculations, and clinical applications of treatment beams.

AL 307  Oncology, Simulation, and Treatment Procedures I  (3)  

This course is designed to examine and evaluate the management of neoplastic disease. The epidemiology, etiology, diagnosis, treatment approaches, sequelae, and prognosis are discussed.

AL 308  Allied Health Portfolio  (3)  

This is a required course for Bachelor of Health Science majors who are requesting credit for a radiographer, sonographer or radiation therapist accredited program which was not completed at a University/College. Students will develop a portfolio demonstrating completion of appropriate education and registry examinations in addition to retrospective and prospective self-evaluation

AL 309  Foundations of Radiation Therapy  (2)  

This course is designed to provide an introduction to radiation oncology and the role of the professional radiation therapist. Radiation therapy medical terminology, patient assessment, radiation protection, and safety are explored. Students are oriented to the policies and procedures of the educational program.

AL 310  Radiation Therapy Procedures II  (3)  

This course is designed to provide instruction regarding radiation therapy quality management.

AL 311  Imaging in Radiation Therapy  (3)  

This course is designed to introduce cross­sectional anatomy as it relates to the practice of radiation therapy with a focus on location of normal gross anatomy and relationship to other structures. Anatomy will be identified in axial (transverse), sagittal, and coronal planes. Radiation oncology imaging and simulation equipment/components, and related devices

AL 315  Allied Health Pharmacology  (3)  

This course is for allied health students and is designed to familiarize the student with general classification of drugs, the mechanism of action, indications, contraindications, and major adverse effects. Principles of drug administration and pharmacokinetic are also presented.

AL 320  Human Disease  (3)  

A study of diseases, their causes and complications, and the modern practices of diagnosis and treatment. Prerequisite: BI 230 or BI 250 or BI 255 or BI 275.

AL 321  Advanced Radiographic Imaging  (2)  

A continuation of disease concepts with a direct application to patient assessment, patient care, selection of radiation exposure factors and radiologic procedures. Prerequisite: Consent.

AL 330  Sonography Principles and Instrumentation I  (3)  

This course provides information concerning the basic physical principles of sound waves, their applications to the human body, the operation and physical characteristics of the transducer, the method by which the sound waves are converted into an image. In-depth instruction on physics principles and instrumentation will be presented. Prerequisite: Admission to Diagnostic Medical Sonography program or consent.

AL 331  Sonography Principles and Instrumentation II  (3)  

This course is a continuation through the physics of sonography. It will continue the exploration of the basic physical principles of sound waves, their applications to the human body, the operation and physical characteristics of the transducer, the method by which the sound waves are converted into an image. An in-depth instruction on physics principles and instrumentation will be presented. Prerequisite: Admission to Diagnostic Medical Sonography program or consent.

AL 332  Sonography Principles and Instrumentation III and Registry Review  (2)  

This course will review all of the curriculum related to the physics of sonography and sonography instrumentation to prepare the student for the national credentialing examinations. Prerequisite: Admission to Diagnostic Medical Sonography program or consent.

AL 340  Clinical Radiation Therapy II  (4)  

This course is a continuation of AL301. The student therapist will participate in the daily activities of the radiation oncology department while under direct supervision at affiliated clinical education sites. The student therapist will work to develop skills to achieve competency and learn to interact professionally and ethically with staff and patients.

AL 341  Sectional Anatomy & Imaging Applications  (4)  

Detailed study of gross anatomical structures will be conducted systematically for location, relationship to other structures and function. Gross anatomical structures are located and identified in axial (transverse), sagittal, coronal and orthogonal (oblique) planes. Illustrations and anatomy images will be compared with magnetic resonance (MR) and computed tomography (CT) images in the same imaging planes and at the same level when applicable. The characteristic appearance of each anatomical structure as it appears on CT and MR, when applicable, will be stressed. Prerequisite: Consent.

AL 347  Magnetic Resonance (MR) Physics I  (3)  

Content is intended to impart an understanding of theories of magnetic resonance properties. Additional concepts such as pulse sequencing, coils, gradient usage and signal production will be covered. Prerequisite: Consent.

AL 348  Magnetic Resonance (MR) Imaging I  (3)  

Content is designed to provide a review of anatomy involving selected body regions with an understanding of MR tissue characteristics. Routine imaging of the abdomen, pelvis, thorax, musculoskeletal system and central nervous system will be discussed. Common pathology as demonstrated through MR imaging will be presented. Prerequisite: Consent.

AL 349  Magnetic Resonance Clinical Experience I  (1-3)  

Assignment to a MR facility for application of theory and development of competency in routine imaging. Establish eligibility for certification through the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists. Prerequisite: Consent.

AL 350  Magnetic Resonance (MR) Physics II  (3)  

A continuation of Physics I concepts including pulse sequencing application, coil selection relating to scans, calculation of scan times as well as scan parameters and image factors. Prerequisite: AL 347 or consent.

AL 351  Magnetic Resonance (MR) Imaging II  (3)  

A continuation of imaging methods with a focus on non-routine or specialized protocols of the abdomen, pelvis, thorax, musculoskeletal system, central nervous system and vascular system. Prerequisite: AL 348 or consent.

AL 352  Magnetic Resonance Clinical Experience II  (1-3)  

Assignment to a MR facility for application of theory and development of competency in specialized imaging. Establish eligibility for certification through the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists. Prerequisite: AL 349 or consent.

AL 354  International Health Care Experience  (3)  

This course will offer students the opportunity to experience the culture of countries other than the United States while engaging in meaningful healthcare services or studies. In addition to completing their studies or service project, students will learn about the history, political systems, healthcare systems and culture of the country they visit. Prerequisite: Permission of the course instructor.

AL 355  Basic Concepts Health Services Administration  (3)  

This course is designed primarily for students who are new to the Bachelor of Health Science program and do not possess an allied health or other heathcare certification. This course will consist of introductory information and examines the health profession, health care administration and the organization of health care. Prerequisite: None.

AL 360  Independent Study/Allied Health  (1-3)  

Allied Health majors may pursue an independent research project if approved by the Program Director in consultation with the Department Chair. Independent Study may not be used in place of any courses required in the major. Independent Study courses must meet equivalencies to Federal definition of a credit hour. Prerequisites: Consent

AL 361  General Sonography Clinical I  (6)  

Students are assigned to various clinical settings to allow the student to begin developing the technical skills necessary to become an entry-level sonographer. Students receive supervision, training, and feedback from a registered sonographer. Prerequisite: Admission to Diagnostic Medical Sonography program or consent.

AL 362  General Sonography Clinical II  (6)  

Students are assigned to various clinical settings to allow the continuation of developing the technical skills necessary to become an entry-level sonographer. Students receive supervision, training, and feedback from a registered sonographer. Prerequisite: Admission to the Diagnostic Medical Sonography program or consent.

AL 363  General Sonography Clinical III  (3)  

Students are assigned to various clinical settings to allow the continuation of developing the technical skills necessary to become an entry-level sonographer. Students receive supervision, training, and feedback from a registered sonographer. Prerequisite: Admission to the Diagnostic Medical Sonography program or consent.

AL 366  Legal & Regulatory Issues for the Health Care Professional  (3)  

This course is an overview of the legal and regulatory issues that impact the delivery of health care. Emphasis will be placed on the management of a health care organization from a leadership perspective. Prerequisite: Admission to the Bachelor of Health Science major/minor or HIT program.

AL 367  Foundations of Quality Improvement in Health Care  (3)  

The course introduces the student to key quality and process improvement issues impacting the administrators of today’s health care organizations and explores how those issues affect the delivery of care. Data-driven process and quality improvement is a central theme in the exploration of a variety of health care topics. This course provides basic knowledge of process improvement to be used in later courses. Prerequisite: Admission to the Bachelor of Health Science major/minor or HIT program.

AL 370  Oncology, Simulation and Treatment Procedures II  (3)  

This course is designed to examine and evaluate the management of neoplastic disease. The epidemiology, etiology, diagnosis, treatment approaches, sequelae, and prognosis are discussed.

AL 371  Abdomen Sonography Procedures I  (3)  

This Course will introduce introductory topics concerning abdominal sonography including but not limited to anatomy, pathophysiology, anatomical disease processes, patient care applications and sonographic principles and practices. Prerequisite: Admission to the Diagnostic Medical Sonography program or consent.

AL 372  Abdomen Sonography Proced II  (3)  

This Course will continue to explore general abdominal sonography and general small parts sonography topics. Topics will include but not limited to anatomy, pathophysiology, anatomical disease processes, patient care applications and sonographic principles and practices. Additionally special topics, pediatrics and interventional sonography practices will be explored. Prerequisite: Admission to the Diagnostic Medical Sonography program or consent.

AL 375  Health Care Policy  (3)  

This course focuses on government and private policy and how it impacts the delivery of health care. Students will learn how a health care leader can be an advocate for change. Prerequisite: Admission to the Bachelor of Health Science major/minor or HIT program.

AL 379  General Sonography Procedures III and Registry Review  (2)  

This course will combine all information concerning general sonography procedures and OBGYN sonography procedures courses. This course will serve as a review course with mock board review exams tailored to the requirements of the National Registry exams of the Abdominal and OBGYN specialty board exams. Prerequisite: Admission to the Diagnostic Medical Sonography program or consent.

AL 380  Clinical Radiation Therapy III  (3)  

This course is a continuation of AL340. The student therapist will participate in the daily activities of the radiation oncology department while under direct supervision at affiliated clinical education sites. The student therapist will work to develop skills to achieve competency and learn to interact professionally and ethically with staff and patients.

AL 381  Radiation Therapy Seminar  (3)  

This course offers a is designed to provide a systematic review of the ARRT content specifications with a focus on real world radiation therapy situations, which challenge a therapist's problem solving and critical thinking skills. This course prepares the student for the national certification examination and entry-level problem solving.

AL 382  Cardiovascular Monitoring and Scanning  (3)  

Course for Respiratory Therapy students designed to provide the student with an understanding of cardiovascular monitoring. Areas of study will include an introduction to heart development, review of anatomy and physiology of the heart, hemodynamic monitoring, effects on hemodynamics due to disease states, and cardiac arrhythmia recognition. Prerequisite: Admission to Respiratory Therapy program.

AL 383  Cardiac Sonography Procedures I  (3)  

The content of this course will an indepth exploration of cardiac embryology, anatomy and physiology, pathophysiology, echocardiographic procedures, imaging techniques, and protocols specific to echocardiography.

AL 384  Cardiac Sonography Procedures II  (3)  

A detailed and in-depth exploration of various cardiac pathology and their echocardiographic manifestations. Prerequisite: Admission to the Diagnostic Medical Sonography program or consent.

AL 385  Cardiac Sonography Clinical I  (6)  

Students are assigned to various clinical settings to allow the student to begin developing the technical skills necessary to become an entry-level sonographer. Students receive supervision, training, and feedback from a registered sonographer.

AL 386  Cardiac Sonography Clinical II  (6)  

Students are assigned to various clinical settings to allow the continuation of developing the technical skills necessary to become an entry-level sonographer. Students receive supervision, training, and feedback from a registered sonographer.

AL 387  Cardiac Sonography Clinical III  (3)  

Students are assigned to various clinical settings to allow the continuation of developing the technical skills necessary to become an entry-level sonographer. Students receive supervision, training, and feedback from a registered sonographer.

AL 388  Cardiac Sonography Procedures III and Registry Review  (2)  

The course will cover new and highly specialized procedures in the realm of echocardiography, such as stress echo (treadmill and pharmacological), contrast echocardiography, diastology, and transesophageal echocardiography. It will also provide a review and Mock Testing for Boards. Prerequisite: Admission to the Diagnostic Medical Sonography program or consent.

AL 389  OBGYN Sonography Procedures I  (3)  

This Course will introduce introductory topics concerning obstetrical and gynecological sonography including but not limited to anatomy, pathophysiology, anatomical disease processes, fetal anatomy and disease, patient care applications and sonographic principles and practices. Prerequisite: Admission to the Diagnostic Medical Sonography program or consent.

AL 390  Special Topics/Allied Health  (1-3)  

Selected topics related to allied health which vary from semester to semester. Announced in advance. Prerequisite: Consent.

AL 391  Chemistry Application in Respiratory Care  (3)  

Introduction to medical chemistry. This course will discuss the basic aspects of chemistry and biochemistry as related to cardiopulmonary physiology and therapeutic intervention. This course includes atomic theory, chemical bonding and acid-base balance.

AL 392  OBGYN Sonography Procedures II  (3)  

This Course will continue to explore obstetrical and gynecological sonography including but not limited to anatomy, pathophysiology, anatomical disease processes, fetal anatomy and disease, patient care applications and sonographic principles and practices. Additionally special topics, fetal anomalies, and interventional OBGYN sonography practices will be explored.

AL 393  Vascular Sonography Procedures I  (3)  

An in-depth discussion of the anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology of the peripheral and cerebral vascular systems. The focus will be on the cerebrovascular system and the arterial and venous systems of the lower extremities. Hemodynamics, Doppler waveforms, pressure measurements, plethysmography, appropriate pharmacology, sonographic appearance, and scanning techniques will be discussed. This will include arterial and venous systems, therapeutic intervention, and non-invasive testing-exam protocols. Prerequisite: Admission to Diagnostic Medical Sonography program.

AL 394  Vascular Sonography Procedures II  (3)  

Continuation of AL 393 to include discussion of the anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology of the abdominal and peripheral vascular systems. The focus will be on the abdominal vasculature and on the arterial and venous systems of the upper extremities. Hemodynamics, Doppler waveforms, pressure measurements, plethysmography, appropriate pharmacology, sonographic appearance and scanning techniques will be discussed. Therapeutic intervention includes arterial and venous systems, non-invasive testing, and exam protocols. Prerequisite: Admission to the Diagnostic Medical Sonography program or consent.

AL 395  Vascular Sonography Clinical I  (6)  

Students are assigned to various clinical settings to allow the student to begin developing the technical skills necessary to become an entry-level sonographer. Students receive supervision, training, and feedback from a registered sonographer.

AL 396  Vascular Sonography Clinical II  (6)  

Students are assigned to various clinical settings to allow the continuation of developing the technical skills necessary to become an entry-level sonographer. Students receive supervision, training, and feedback from a registered sonographer. Prerequisite: AL 395.

AL 397  Vascular Sonography Clinical III  (3)  

Students are assigned to various clinical settings to allow the continuation of developing the technical skills necessary to become an entry-level sonographer. Students receive supervision, training, and feedback from a registered sonographer.

AL 398  Vascular Procedures III and Registry Review  (2)  

The course will cover new and highly specialized procedures in the realm of vascular sonography. Among the content will be hemodialysis access, transcranial doppler, and mapping procedures. It will also provide review and Mock Testing for Boards. Prerequisite: Admission to the Diagnostic Medical Sonography Program or consent.

AL 399  Health Information Systems  (3)  

In this course, students will examine the impact of data and technology on current health care practice. Current trends and future challenges will be discussed with a focus on utilizing information to support and improve health care decision-making. Prerequisite: Admission to the Bachelor of Health Science major/minor or HIT program.

AL 400  Supervisory Practices for the Health Care Professional  (3)  

The course will introduce students to basic supervisory functions and responsibilities related to managing in health care organizations. Prerequisite: admission to the Bachelor of Health Science major.

AL 405  Financial Issues in Health Care  (3)  

This course will introduce the student to common financial practices and issues in today’s health care facilities, including a focus on the regulatory environment. Prerequisite: Admission to the Bachelor of Health Science major/minor and MA 112 or 116 with a C or higher grade.

AL 420  Current Issues in Health Care  (3)  

This course will explore current health care issues from the perspective of the Health Services Administrator. Special emphasis will be placed on the impact of the issue under study for the delivery, practice and organization of the American Health care system. Prerequisite: Completion of AL 375 or consent of BHS advisor.

AL 450  Application of Quality Improvement in Health Care  (3)  

The course builds on the foundations of quality improvement class. It provides students the background to develop and implement quality assurance and patient safety programs according to national initiatives. Students explore methods of making organizations and individuals more adaptive and productive. Emphasis is on using tools and techniques that will improve critical thinking skills and students will apply communication skills to maintain positive stakeholder relationships. Prerequisite: Admission to the Bachelor of Health Science major and AL 367.

AL 460  Research in Health Care  (3)  

This course is designed to introduce students to the purpose and process of research in health care. Special emphasis is placed on the importance of evidence-based practice in health care. Prerequisite: Admission to the Bachelor of Health Science major and EN 300.

AL 480  Senior Seminar In Healthcare  (3)  

A capstone course designed to provide integration and application of health care administration and leadership principles. This course also requires a summative reflection of the student’s experience and growth as a health care leader. Prerequisite: Admission to the Bachelor of Health Science Health Services Administration major, EN 300, and senior standing. This course should be taken during the last semester. Medical imaging majors require BHS advisor approval.

AL 600  Foundations Health Care Education  (3)  

This course focuses on the history of healthcare education programs, educational theory and concepts, teaching and learning styles, and principles of adult education including characteristics, needs, and motivations of adult learners. Prerequisite: None.

AL 601  Legal/Ethical Issues in Health Care  (3)  

This course is designed to provide foundational knowledge concerning legal and ethical concepts that guide health care. The course will explore the application of ethics and the law in resolving ethical situations through case studies and articles. Prerequisite: None.

AL 602  Special Populations in Health Care  (3)  

This course includes a discussion and analysis of the impact of special populations on the health care delivery system. Major topics will include diverse ethnic populations, rural populations, migrant populations, minority populations and populations defined by diagnosis (e.g., diabetes, etc). This course is designed to acquaint the student with health care delivery implications of globalization in the context of cultural competence. Prerequisite: None.

AL 603  Health Care Decision Making  (3)  

Decision making is the study of identifying and choosing alternatives based on reducing uncertainty and selecting a reasonable choice based on the values and preferences of the decision maker. Decision making theories, methods, and processes will be studied as well as the application of decision analysis and knowledge-based systems, including data mining, data warehouses, data marts, clinical data repositories, and data modeling. Prerequisite: None.

AL 620  Research Methods Health Care Profession  (3)  

This course is designed to provide the health care professional with a basic knowledge in quantitative statistical analysis and research design. Topics covered include descriptive statistics, parametric group comparison statistics, basic non-parametric statistics, and provide an introduction to linear modeling. Students will be introduced to Excel and SPSS statistical software programs and application toward solving modern healthcare problems. Prerequisite: None.

AL 622  Educational Program Administration  (3)  

This course focuses on the fundamental elements of educational health care program planning, assessment, and troubleshooting by examining the activities of Program Directors and Clinical Coordinators. The impact of credentialing, accreditation, and licensure requirements is discussed along with issues related to higher education such as general education requirements, academic advising, grievance/appeal processes, and tenure and promotion. Prerequisite: None.

AL 624  Assessment Health Care Education  (3)  

This course examines the elements of effective learner assessment within health care education programs including the clinical setting. Fundamental principles of assessment are discussed as well as various authentic assessment methods. This course emphasizes practical application in which the learner will develop a learning module using various assessment strategies and analyze the effectiveness of each assessment. Prerequisite: None.

AL 626  Instructional Technology  (3)  

This course provides an overview of current instructional technologies which support active learning within health care education programs. The integration of technology in the traditional, blended and online environments is discussed as well as copyright and fair use laws as they relate to the utilization of technology in higher education. This course emphasizes practical application. Prerequisite: None.

AL 720  Curriculum/Instructional Methods Health Care  (3)  

This course focuses on understanding the process of developing health care related curriculum. Instructional design models, implementation planning, student assessment methods, analysis of effectiveness and continuous improvement are discussed. This course emphasizes practical application. Prerequisite: None.

AL 722  Advanced Trends in Health Care  (3)  

This course explores current trends and issues within the dynamic environment of health care. Learners discuss political, social, cultural and ethical issues and their influence on the health care delivery system. Prerequisite: None.

AL 724  Health Care Education Internship  (3)  

The course provides opportunities for observation and experience in presentation related to health care topics. Presentations may include departmental in-service, lecture class, laboratory class, professional society or to the general public such as a support group. Prerequisite: Consent of Instructor.

AL 726  Health Care Education Practicum  (3)  

Development of an action research project which will address a relevant issue in health care education. Prerequisite: Consent of Instructor.

AL 777  Continuous Enrollment  (1-3)  

This course is to allow students additional time to complete Capstone, Thesis or Practicum requirements. Prerequisites: Instructor Permission